Dr. Walker has been trained in two medical specialties.
Gynecology is a medical specialty focused on the care of women, more specifically the medical care for the reproductive system. gynecology differs from obstetrics in the sense that obstetrics is concerned with the pregnant state of the reproductive system in women, while gynecology focuses on the non-pregnant state. Nonetheless, many gynecologists are also obstetricians, denoted by the acronym OB/GYN or OB-GYN.
Gynecologists utilize a variety of diagnostic techniques and procedures including pap smears, pelvic ultrasounds, dilation and curettage procedures (D & C), hysterectomies, STD testing and endometrial and cervical biopsies, among others. Gynecologists are trained to identify disorders and diseases affecting the ovaries, vagina, vulva, cervix, uterus, breasts and oviducts. Gynecologists are able to diagnose and treat conditions such as infections, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), congenital defects, infertility, tumors, menopause, inflammations and incontinence, among many others.
Although gynecology mainly focuses on the reproductive health of women, this area of medicine is also concerned with their overall health. Gynecologists generally share close relationships with their patients, creating a relationship based on trust and familiarity between patient and doctor, which assists in the delivery of care. Gynecologists are trained to educate women on sexual health, risk factors for disease, preparations for conception, and nutritional and exercise planning, among other areas.
Learn more about gynecology at MD.com.
Urogynecology (also known as female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery) is a medical subspecialty of obstetrics & gynecology that provides specialized care for women suffering from pelvic floor dysfunction. This medical subspecialty gained accreditation from the American Board of Medical Specialties in 2011, and began offering board certification in June 2013. As a subspecialty of OB/GYN, most physicians who practice within this subspecialty are also trained obstetrician / gynecologists; urogynecologists can also be trained urologists.
Urogynecologists are trained to treat a range of bladder and pelvic floor disorders, or urogynecologic disorders. The female anatomy known as the “pelvic floor” includes the tissues, ligaments, muscles and nerves that support or control the following areas: the vagina, rectum, bladder, cervix or uterus. Pelvic floor dysfunction is usually characterized by symptoms of dysfunction, pain or discomfort, but do not always manifest themselves in physical symptoms. Physical symptoms may manifest themselves in the form of urinary or fecal incontinence or loss of bladder control, among others. Regular checkups with a primary care physician are the best way to prevent or discover these disorders early.
Because the field of urogynecology is relatively new, advances in surgical and non-surgical treatment techniques are happening every day. For example, procedures that used to be highly invasive are now being performed by many urogynecologists in a less invasive (minimally invasive) manner. This lessens the risk of complications, reduces healing time, and reduces the amount of time the patient must spend in the hospital following surgery.
Learn more about urogynecology at MD.com.